The Fall Feasts
The Feast of Yom Kippur, The Day of Atonement
Of the three fall feasts that are yet to be totally fulfilled by Yeshua (Jesus); the second one is what is considered by the Jews to be the most holy of feast days. It is the most Holy day because it is the one day of the year that the High Priest enters the Holy of Holies to make atonement for the nation of Israel.
From our previous studies, we see that the Bride of Christ is expected to be raptured on Yom Teruah. Then there are ten days before Yom Kippur. These ten days are known as the “days of awe”. The Jews believe that their fate is determined within these ten days as to whether of not their names will be written in the “Book of Life.” These days are known to be a final time of repentance and a time to return to the Lord; because they believe that the Gates of heaven will be closed on Yom Kippur. A more thorough study of these things can be found at: http://sweetmanna.org/BibleStudies.html For this study we are looking at Yom Kippur with Messianic insight.
The 10 days of awe starting with Rosh HaShanah and ending with Yom Kippur pictures between the rapture of the Bride and the second coming of the Messiah; are thought to be representative of the time of the great tribulation by many teachers of the word. These 10 days are the last of 40 days that were considered to be the 40 days that the hearts of the Jews are turned inward to take stock of their lives and repent where needed and to return to God.
Now let’s take a look at the last 10 days of Teshuva, known as the “days of awe.” Of the 10 days the first 2 days are The Feast of Trumpets, the feast that we expect the dead in Messiah to rise and together with the Bride of Messiah to be caught up in the air to meet Yeshua there in the clouds of Heaven, when the gates of heaven are opened for them.
The 10th day is Yom Kippur the Day of Atonement the day that we expect for Messiah to return to this earth with His Bride, as the gates of heaven are to be closed. It is thought that once these gates are closed, there will be no more time to repent. In between these 2 feast days there are 7 days. These are thought to be the 7 days that represent the 7 years of the Tribulation which will take place before the second coming of our Messiah.
The Tribulation has two main purposes. First and foremost the Tribulation is the very last call from God for repentance. It’s for the people left behind after the rapture to return to God before Messiah returns. Secondly it is to bring judgment to the nations for rejecting the Son of God, Yeshua.
There is a day when there will be no more time to repent. Every person’s fate will be sealed for all eternity. We believe that day is Yom Kippur at some appointed time that only God knows.
We find the commandment to acknowledge this feast day, known as Yom Kippur, and to make this feast to be a permanent statue in Leviticus.
Lev. 16:29-34 "This shall be a statute forever for you: In the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether a native of your own country or a stranger who dwells among you. 30 For on that day the priest shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you, that you may be clean from all your sins before the LORD. 31 It is a sabbath of solemn rest for you, and you shall afflict your souls. It is a statute forever. 32 And the priest, who is anointed and consecrated to minister as priest in his father's place, shall make atonement, and put on the linen clothes, the holy garments; 33 then he shall make atonement for the Holy Sanctuary, and he shall make atonement for the tabernacle of meeting and for the altar, and he shall make atonement for the priests and for all the people of the assembly. 34 This shall be an everlasting statute for you, to make atonement for the children of Israel, for all their sins, once a year." And he did as the LORD commanded Moses.
As I have said before all the Lord’s feasts are a visual drama that are acted out as a sort of dress rehearsal for the real thing. The real thing will be fulfilled at just the right time in the history of God’s plan for humanity. Since Yom Kippur’s total fulfillment is yet to be realized, a look at scripture will give us glue’s as to what the rehearsal is for. Let’s take a look at this scripture with the knowledge of things that we know about these feasts and a look at some Hebrew idioms.
We know that this is a set time, or an appointed time that the Lord has promised to meet with His people. Next we see that the people were to “afflict their souls”. This is an idiom that means to fast by denying your flesh of food and to refrain from anything pleasurable. This is the only day that there is a command to fast. All other fasts in scripture are either voluntary or are called for some specific purpose. Such as the fast that Esther called. Fasting is generally thought of as a means to humbling ones self before God. The practice of fasting is quite ancient and associated with the rites of mourning. 1 The fact that fasting is considered a rite of mourning and that this rite was commanded only for this day, this Day of Atonement, is very thought provoking. Consider the following scripture.
Zech. 12:10 "And I will pour on the house of David and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem the Spirit of grace and supplication; then they will look on Me whom they pierced. Yes, they will mourn for Him as one mourns for his only son, and grieve for Him as one grieves for a firstborn.
This is a scripture that is speaking about the nation of Israel and what the response of the inhabitants will be when Jesus sets His feet down on the Mt. of Olives in Jerusalem at His second coming. They will look upon Him and see that His hands and feet are pierced. They will recognize Him and mourn the fact that they did not recognize Him the first time that He came. There will be a heavy spirit of grieving that is born out of repentance on that day as well as the Spirit of Grace for atonement. This is because there is no such thing as atonement (the covering of sin), without the act of repentance.
Then the next thing we see in the above scripture is the phrase “on that day” which speaks of a day at the end of the age. We know that this feast is yet to be totally fulfilled so that phrase tells us it will be done at the end of the age, also known as “the day of the Lord.” We know that the feast is a rehearsal of some drama that will play out at some time in reality. In this scripture, we see a picture of the priest making atonement, not just any priest, but a priest that is anointed and consecrated to minister in His father’s place. So prophetically speaking if we look back to Calvary, I ask you, who else could this be but our High Priest Yeshua? He came as a man to reveal the Father; He came in His Fathers place. He shed His blood on Calvary to atone (kippur) that is cover our sins. Now if we look forward to “that day” when a priest will fulfill Yom Kippur we know that there is no other priest except Yeshua our High Priest that will qualify.
We already know that Yeshua our High Priest has made atonement for us by the shedding of His blood and we know that it was done at Passover. So why is there another feast that paints a picture of atonement? To fully understand we must ask the question, “Who is it that He will be making atonement for on Yom Kippur?”
The answer to that question is in the text, from the above scripture we see this atonement is for the children of Israel. It is true that many of the children of Israel have applied the shed blood of Yeshua (Jesus) upon their lives and in doing so have had their sins covered, and have become part of the Bride Church. Since the days of the early church, Jews all over the world have received Yeshua as their Lord and Savior, and their Messiah. This atonement is an individual personal atonement and the Feast of Passover is the feast that speaks about this individual atonement. Yom Kippur however speaks about atonement for the children of Israel as a Nation. As a Nation, Israel rejected Jesus as their Messiah and for 2,000 plus years have been looking for Messiah to come. Because the Nation rejected Yeshua, they have had to suffer many things and the greatest of their suffering is yet to be fulfilled according to the prophets of old. Israel may have rejected Jesus as God and Messiah, However God has not rejected Israel.
Jer 31:35-37 Thus says the LORD, Who gives the sun for a light by day, The ordinances of the moon and the stars for a light by night, Who disturbs the sea, And its waves roar (The LORD of hosts is His name): 36 "If those ordinances depart From before Me, says the LORD, Then the seed of Israel shall also cease From being a nation before Me forever." 37 Thus says the LORD: "If heaven above can be measured, And the foundations of the earth searched out beneath, I will also cast off all the seed of Israel For all that they have done, says the LORD.
Here in this scripture we see the impossibility of God rejecting Israel as a nation. They can only be rejected if the moon and the stars stop giving their light and if the waves of the sea stop roaring.
Paul tells us in Romans that there is a promise that all of Israel will be saved.
Romans 11:26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob...
Paul would have been quoting the following scriptures from the only text that he had at the time.
Is. 45:17 But Israel will be saved by the LORD with an everlasting salvation; you will never be put to shame or disgraced, to ages everlasting.
Is. 59:20 "The Redeemer will come to Zion, to those in Jacob who repent of their sins," declares the LORD.
Jer. 31:1 "At that time," declares the LORD, "I will be the God of all the clans of Israel, and they will be my people."
When will “at that time” be? All signs point to Yom Kippur. I believe it will indeed to be the “day of atonement” for Israel.
I believe that the book of Revelation gives us another “remez” hint that Yom Kippur is the day of our Lords return. Let’s take a look at that scripture with remez eyes.
Rev 19:11-16 Then I saw heaven opened, and behold, a white horse! The one sitting on it is called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he judges and makes war. His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems, and he has a name written that no one knows but himself. He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, and the name by which he is called is The Word of God. And the armies of heaven, arrayed in fine linen, white and pure, were following him on white horses. From his mouth comes a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations, and he will rule them with a rod of iron. He will tread the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God the Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords.
The above scripture is one we recognize as our Lord returning to this earth to judge the nations. The remez statement is bolded. He is clothed in a robe dipped in blood, hints at something deeper. The sweet manna that I believe is hidden in plain sight is this: There is only one day in the entire year when the High Priest was allowed to enter the Holy of Holies to make atonement for the people of Israel and that was on Yom Kippur. The High Priest was to sacrifice a goat and sprinkle the blood upon the altar. This ritual caused the robe of the High Priest to be covered in blood.
Yeshua as High Priest is returning to make atonement for the Nation of Israel. I believe the fact that we are told that His robe is dipped in blood is a remez statement hinting to us that the only day the High Priest is dipped in blood is on Yom Kippur. Therefore, it our belief that the second coming of our Messiah points to Yom Kippur, the day of atonement, a day of salvation for the nation of Israel and a day of wrath for those nations against Israel.
There is another scripture that I believe hints at the Day of Atonement being a day of salvation and a day of wrath. In addition it speaks of our High Priest being sprinkled with blood. Take a look at it with remez eyes and judge for yourself.
Isa 63:1-6 Who is this who comes from Edom, in crimsoned garments from Bozrah, he who is splendid in his apparel, marching in the greatness of his strength? "It is I, speaking in righteousness, mighty to save." Why is your apparel red, and your garments like his who treads in the winepress? "I have trodden the winepress alone, and from the peoples no one was with me; I trod them in my anger and trampled them in my wrath; their lifeblood spattered on my garments, and stained all my apparel. For the day of vengeance was in my heart, and my year of redemption had come. I looked, but there was no one to help; I was appalled, but there was no one to uphold; so my own arm brought me salvation, and my wrath upheld me. I trampled down the peoples in my anger; I made them drunk in my wrath, and I poured out their lifeblood on the earth."
In closing, I want to make something perfectly clear. I am not teaching that there are two atonements. No, not in any way! Jesus the Messiah is the only one that can cover our sin. He is our atonement. It is his blood that covers us so that when God looks upon us, He only sees the righteousness of His Son. Therefore we are in right standing before God because of the Blood that was shed for us at Calvary. There is only one way to the Father and that way is through Yeshua (Jesus) and His atoning blood sacrifice. What I am teaching is that there are separate feasts that speak of that atonement. The first feast representing Yeshua’s first coming is Passover, and the feast that represents His second coming and the atonement that the Nation of Israel will experience at that time in history.
The fast for Yom Kippur begins at sunset on October 7th, 2011 and ends at sunset of October 8th of this year.
While Jews all over the world will be fasting on Yom Kippur, I want to encourage everyone to honor God on this day by humbling yourself before Him in a fast for the salvation of the Jews worldwide, but especially for the salvation of the Nation of Israel. In so doing we just might hasten the day of our Lord’s return. Because Jesus will not return until He is received by His own.
Luke 13:34-35 "O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, the one who kills the prophets and stones those who are sent to her! How often I wanted to gather your children together, as a hen gathers her brood under her wings, but you were not willing! 35 See! Your house is left to you desolate; and assuredly, I say to you, you shall not see Me until the time comes when you say, 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the LORD!' "
My prayer is that this Yom Kippur, this most Holy of Days, will be a day that the prayers of the saints will break the barrier of deception that is upon the unbelieving Jew. I pray that the veil upon their eyes will be removed so that the family of our High Priest Yeshua will at last long look upon the one that was pierced and that they will receive the atoning blood sacrifice of Yeshua their Messiah. Amen
1 The Eerdman’s Bible Dictionary, 1Sam. 31:13
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